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小学英语基础知识点列表

发布者:管理员 发布时间:2022-11-3 9:40:12 阅读:2028

1、26个字母(听、说、读、写过关)(所有的大写字母占上两格):

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z a  b   c  d  e   f  g  h   i   j  k  l  m   n   o  p  q   r  s   t  u   v  w  x   y  z


2、日常问候:

① Hello/Hi  你好 回答:Hello/Hi

② How are you?  你好吗?回答:Fine, thank you ,and you ?

③ How do you do? 你好!(用于初次见面) 回答:How do you do?

④ Good morning. (afternoon, evening , night)早上好,下午好,晚上好!回答:Good morning. (afternoon, evening , night)


3、介绍自己:

① I am ______________.         ② My name is_______________. ③ I’m from ______________.      ④ I (don’t)like______________.         ⑤ I can (can’t)______________.


4、be /系动词 am , is , are 及用法: 我用am,你用are,is连着他、她、它。I am …         You are …          He(she , it) is ….


5、1——20的数词:

one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty.


6、姓名及年龄问答:

(1) -What’s your name?      -What’s his name?       -What’s her name?

-My name is______.      -His name is_____.      -Her name is _____.     -I am ___________.      -He is __________.      -She is __________.

(2) -How old are you?        -How old is he?         -How old is she?      -I’m __________.        -He is _______.         -She is _______.


7、序数词

基数词         序数词

one            first

two           second

three          third

four          fourth

five           fifth

six            sixth

seven         seventh

eight         eighth

nine           ninth

ten            tenth

eleven        eleventh

twelve        twelfth

thirteenth    thirteen

fourteen     fourteenth

fifteen       fifteenth

sixteen       sixteenth

seventeen    seventeenth

eighteen     eighteenth

nineteen     nineteenth

twenty        twentieth


8、人称代词及对应的形容词性物主代词。

第一人称 第二人称 第二人称

人称代词 I(我)we(我们)

you(你)you(你们) he(他)she(她)it

(它)they(他们)

形容词性物主代词 My(我的) Our(我们的)

your(你的)your(你们的) his(他的)her(她的)

its(它的)their(他们的)


9、实义动词“有” have, has: I have …….我有…….   We have…….我们有……

You have …….你(们)有…….     They have……他们有…… He has …….他有…….     She has ……. 她有…….           It has……它有…….


10、颜色问答:

What color is it?  It’s red (white, black, blue, green, pink, orange, yellow…)


11、时间:  年、季节、月、星期、日、时

(1)Year: 1982,1998,2001,

(2)Season: spring, summer, autumn, winter.

(3)Month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September,

October, November, December.

(4) Week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. (5) Day: May 1st (May the first / the first of May),   May 2nd ( May the second / the second of the May)  (6)Time: What time is it?  It’s ______ o’clock.

It’s half past ______.

It’s  ______ past ______

It’s  ______  to ______